ADV Full Form in Medical

What Is The Full Form Of ADV In Medical?

In the realm of medical science, acronyms and abbreviations play a significant role in simplifying complex terminologies. One such acronym, ADV, represents “Aleutian Disease Virus.” Aleutian Disease Virus is a medical term associated with a specific viral infection that primarily affects mink, though it can also affect other animals.

Understanding Aleutian Disease Virus (ADV):

Aleutian Disease Virus is a type of parvovirus that predominantly infects mink, particularly those bred in fur farms for their pelts. The virus is responsible for causing Aleutian Disease, which can have devastating consequences in affected mink populations. This virus is known to be highly contagious among minks and poses a significant threat to the fur industry.

Key Aspects of ADV (Aleutian Disease Virus):

  1. Infection in Minks: ADV primarily targets minks, leading to a range of clinical symptoms. Infected minks can suffer from a chronic, progressive, and ultimately fatal disease.
  2. Clinical Symptoms: Aleutian Disease in minks is characterized by various symptoms, including weight loss, lethargy, weakness, incoordination, and a distinctive reddish discoloration of the fur, often referred to as “Aleutian disease” due to the reddish hue of the fur. Other symptoms can include kidney and liver damage.
  3. Chronic and Progressive: Aleutian Disease is a chronic condition, and infected minks can deteriorate over an extended period. The disease progresses slowly, leading to significant suffering in affected animals.
  4. Contagious Nature: ADV is highly contagious among minks. The virus spreads through various routes, including direct contact with infected animals, contact with contaminated environments, and transmission from mother to offspring.

Prevention and Control:

Preventing and controlling Aleutian Disease Virus in mink populations is of utmost importance in fur farming and wildlife management. Key strategies for prevention and control include:

  1. Testing and Quarantine: Infected minks should be identified through testing, and infected animals should be quarantined to prevent the spread of the virus to healthy individuals.
  2. Vaccination: Vaccination programs have been developed to reduce the prevalence of Aleutian Disease in minks. Vaccinated animals are less likely to develop severe symptoms and can help limit the spread of the virus.
  3. Biosecurity Measures: Implementing strict biosecurity measures on fur farms is crucial to prevent the introduction and spread of ADV. These measures include controlling access to farms, proper disinfection, and maintaining sanitary conditions.
  4. Culling: In cases of severe outbreaks, culling infected animals may be necessary to prevent further transmission.


Aleutian Disease Virus (ADV) is a parvovirus that primarily affects minks, with potentially devastating consequences for fur farms and wildlife populations. It is highly contagious among minks, leading to chronic and progressive disease. Preventive measures such as testing, vaccination, and strict biosecurity are essential for controlling ADV and minimizing its impact on mink populations. Understanding ADV is vital for those involved in mink farming and wildlife conservation efforts.

ADV Full Form in Medical in Hindi

मेडिकल विज्ञान के क्षेत्र में, एक्रोनिम्स और छोटे शब्दों का महत्वपूर्ण भूमिका होती है जो जटिल शब्दावली को सरल बनाने में मदद करती है। एक ऐसा ही एक्रोनिम, ADV, “Aleutian Disease Virus” का प्रतीकित करता है। Aleutian Disease Virus एक मेडिकल शब्द है जो विशेष वायरल संक्रमण को प्रतिष्ठित करता है जो प्रमुख रूप से मिंक्स को प्रभावित करता है, हालांकि यह अन्य जानवरों पर भी प्रभाव डाल सकता है।

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